Winter brings long, gloomy nights. We'll go over eight tips in this post for staying safe while riding at night.
Being adequately prepared is essential if you plan to cycle at night, whether on lit city streets, unlit country roads, or off-road.
In addition to the obvious procedures, like installing bike lights, there are additional things you can do to make nighttime riding safer and more comfortable.
1. Use the proper lighting.
In the UK, you are obligated to use a front white light and a rear red light from dusk till dawn.
When riding on dark country lanes or off-road, the lights you need are significantly different from those you need for cycling to work in a city.
If the area around your route has good street lighting, all your light needs to do is make sure other drivers can see you. The lights must illuminate the road or trail in front of you on dimly lit roads or completely dark trails.
For a mountain bike ride or rural road, you'll need a far more powerful front light than a lower-power blinky would be suitable for.
The ideal bike lights for commuting and road cycling typically start at 400 lumens and peak at 800 lumens. For off-road cycling, a more potent light is required. You should always have a red back light.
According to research, if you want to maximise visibility, utilising a combination of steady and flashing bike lights is typically the best choice. In busy urban areas, the flashing light can help you be spotted, and the constant light won't affect other drivers' perceptions of depth.
Off-road, a helmet light will illuminate turns and dangers better than a bar-mounted one because it is set higher up and points in the direction you wish to ride rather than the direction the bike is travelling. However, keep it light—one that is too heavy can make you uncomfortable and could cause your helmet to move when you move.
2. Ride where people can see you.
It takes more than just lighting yourself up to increase your visibility on the roadways at night. In general, drivers are focused forward, so you should make sure you are in their line of sight.
This necessitates riding between 70 cm and 1 m out into the road. In this manner, you should also be able to steer clear of the worst roadside hazards, such as potholes and drain covers.
3. Put reflectives on.
The presence of pedal reflectors, a red reflector at the rear, and white and white reflectors at the front is also legally required. The elliptical motion of the pedal strokes is seen by other road users, so studies have shown that placing reflectors on your pedals or ankles will make you stand out more.
In addition to having a front white light, a rear red light, and reflectors at night as required by law, you should make sure that you can be seen from the side. Do they provide any side visibility? is something to think about when purchasing bike lights. A cycling backpack for commuting or reflective detailing on crucial pieces of your equipment can also be beneficial. Hi-vis clothing has been demonstrated to be less visible at night than reflective clothing. It will be easier for people to see you and your hand signals if your clothing has reflective piping, especially your gloves.
4. Avoid dazzling approaching motorists.
The beams of some powerful front lights are brighter than those of a vehicle. You should aim your light beam down at the road surface to avoid blinding drivers since you should be aware of the dazzling effects that some strong lights can have on other people.
If you must ride on the tarmac for a time and have an off-road-ready front light, it's a good idea to reduce its brightness or switch to a flashing mode. That will also save battery life.
5. Keep a set of backup lights with you.
Before leaving at night, make sure your lights are completely charged, and choose a light mode that will give you enough burn time to comfortably complete your journey. Keep in mind that manufacturers' quoted run times aren't always correct.
As we've already discussed, having a second front and rear light is advantageous since you may operate them both at a lower power level than your main lights to extend battery life. If one does stop operating, you won't be left in the dark.
Once you get used to the dark, you should be able to turn down your lights on less demanding terrain or in areas with street lighting, leaving the brightest settings for dark roads or sections of technical trail.
It can be beneficial to spend money on a decent light set if you want to ride at night frequently so that you are not reliant on batteries. Modern lighting systems are quite effective and contributes very little drag.
6. Ride carefully.
Take it slow if you've never gone night riding or if you're riding in an unfamiliar area.
Watch out for potential dangers, such as wet leaves, and wherever you can, stick to regular road routes or choose more well-lit trails. At night, it's also easier to run into hidden obstructions.
Even if you are familiar with your route, it will appear rather different at night. So don't try to go full throttle and don't aim to take on anything that is overly ambitious.
Allow adequate space between you and the rider in front if you're riding with others so that your light won't throw their shadow, which would make it harder for them to see their route. Additionally, if you're riding with others, try not to blind the rider behind you with your powerful back light.
7. Wear the proper clothing.
You already know that it will probably be chilly at night, so make sure you're outfitted appropriately. Purchasing quality winter cycling gear is essential if you intend to ride frequently during the colder months.
Even in the height of summer, it can get chilly, but without the proper gear, riding in temperatures below zero in the dead of winter can be a very uncomfortable experience. To keep your extremities warmer, switch to full-finger winter gloves, tights, and thicker socks.
Even if you don't anticipate rain, mist or fog can still be chilly, so it's always wise to wear outer layers that are water-resistant. A top-notch waterproof jacket is necessary if rain is expected.
8. Tell somebody where you're going.
If you're riding off-road, especially, let someone know where you're going and how long you intend to be out.
If you're travelling off the usual road or have an emergency, there are considerably fewer people out at night who can help you.
Another reason to dress warmly or bring an additional layer in case of an unplanned stop is that you'll cool down quickly at night if you aren't moving.